Attractions of Tanzania

The country has 16 national parks, 32 game reserves, conservation area of Ngorongoro, forest reserves, historical sites, mountains, great lakes and Rivers. All these make Tanzania to be a unique destination for safariss.

The Oldonyo Lengai is active volcano mountain overlooking Lake Natron, best breeding ground for the colorful flamingos in East African soda lakes, is unique scenery and experience accessible to the more adventures tourists in Tanzania.

Maasai, Hadzabe, Datoga and Swahili people of coastal area are among the fascinating ethnic with amazing culture and traditions which attracts most of people in the world. Ngorongoro Crater is the largest extinct volcano in the world. The crater support innumerable wildlife species and Maasai community.

Zanzibar Islands and much of the coastal mainland along the Indian Ocean has pristine white sand beaches while the ocean itself endowed with innumerable spices of very colorful fish, coral reefs and Marine Parks.

Zanzibar, once fiercely contested by Arabs and Europeans has their own special allure. Approached from the sea, the House of Wonders dominates the main islands skyline. Inland, particularly on Pemba with fertile land is famous for cloves and other spices.

Lake Manyara National Park was once described as “The Emerald of Africa” located at the base of eastern Rift valley wall along the highway to Ngorongoro and Serengeti with an area of 330sq km.

Manyara National Park is renowned for its underground water forest, bird-life, grassland and tree-climbing lions that prefer to climb into the branches to get away from unwelcome attention of flies and large mammals that may threaten them. The lake shimmers below in the heat haze, home to flamingoes, pelicans and innumerable water birds.

Some of wildlife species found in Manyara includes Elephant, buffalo, lion, hippopotamus, impala, giraffe, zebra, wildebeest, bushbuck, leopard, baboon, lesser flamingo, greater flamingo, white pelican, yellow-billed stork, white-breasted cormorant, palm-nut vulture, hawk-eagle, Nile monitor etc.

Lake Manyara National Park

Size: 330 sq km of which up to 220 sq km is lake when water levels are high.

Location: Northern Tanzania. The entrance gate lies 1.5 hours (126km/80 miles) west of Arusha along Ngorongoro and Serengeti road, close to Mto wa Mbu village.

Getting there By road, charter or scheduled flight from Arusha, en route to Serengeti and Ngorongoro.

What to do Game drives, night game drives, canoeing in the lake when the water level is sufficiently high.

When to go The park is accessible all year round but dry season starts from July-October and wet season November-June.

Arusha national park a little wildlife park with 137 sq km near Arusha northern Tanzania’s safari capital, is a perfect way to begin or end an African safari. The area inhabited with species that not seen elsewhere in the northern Tanzania, its environment is unique with different vegetation zones.

Arusha national park covered with dense forest, swamp, grassland, lakes, alpine highland, rocks and fauna including Giraffe, buffalo, elephant, zebra, dik-dik, hippopotamus, waterbuck, warthog, leopard, eland, spotted hyena, klipspringer, baboon, blue monkey, black-and-white colobus, greater flamingo, lesser flamingo, sacred ibis, maccoa duck, Egyptian goose, turaco, narina trogon, broadbill, red-hot poker, Spanish moss, giant lobelia, 400 bird species.

The lighter, short rains should fall in November and December. This is followed by a lull before the long rains from March until mid-May. During the cooler months from June-September, heavy morning cloud helps keep the grass green. The hottest months are January and February when the temperature can rise to 27 degrees C. In the cold season, from late June until August, the temperature drops to 15 degrees C. Warm clothing is needed during this period.

Tarangire National Park is famous for large herds of elephant, spectacular scenic baobab, acacia woodland with safari camps and lodges being a true African wilderness. Tarangire National Park cover area of 2850 sq km, named after the Tarangire River the unique permanent source of water in the park throughout the year.

During the dry season months (particularly July to October) sheer volume of plains animals the herds of zebra & wildebeest in particular from across the Maasai steppe being drawn to the permanent waters of Tarangire River which forms the spine of this park. There are different vegetation zones ranging from acacia parkland and riverine grassland to deep gully vegetation and rocky hilltops giving a very wild feeling.

Between them they support large numbers of wildlife including large herds of zebra, impala, wildebeest as well as buffalo, giraffe, warthog, eland, predators especially lion, cheetah, wild dog and over 500 species of birds found in the park. However the huge herds of elephants and baobab trees generally make the deepest impression of Tarangire National Park.

Serengeti National Park is vast endless plains; the famous wildlife safari destination in Africa, world heritage site and 7th natural world wonder situated northern Tanzania. It cover 14,763 sq km (5,700 sq miles) stretching north to Kenya and bordering Lake Victoria to the west.

Serengeti National Park is famed for great wildebeest migration when some six million hooves pound the open plains as more than 200,000 zebra and 300,000 gazelle join the wildebeest’s trail searching fresh pasture and water. Great annual wildebeest migration is triggered by the rains pattern that forces animals to migrate from southern Serengeti to northern in Masai Mara.

Lions and other predators follow the migration picking off the weaker members and calves. At the Grumeti River, where the migration crosses the western corridor of Serengeti, crocodiles lurk awaiting their great annual feast while the most crossing spectacles occurs in Mara river further northern. Other predators that lurk in the wings prefer smaller game to wildebeest and zebra.

Serengeti National Park is Tanzania’s most popular and visited national park with abundance of wildlife ever found on earth including wildebeest, zebra, lion, leopard, elephant, rhinoceros, buffalo, cheetah, gazelle, giraffe, spotted hyena, jackal, aardwolf, serval, agama lizard, rock hyrax, secretary bird, ostrich, black eagle, snakes and more than 500 bird species.

Lake Natron is a spectacular soda lake with flamingoes nestled just north east of Ngorongoro Conservation Area below the Africa’s immense Great Rift Valley with amazing volcano mountain oldonyo lengai. Nestled between rolling volcanic hills and deep craters, Lake Natron found at the lowest point of the rift valley 600m above sea level.

The area is hot and often very dry but rewards the off the beaten track with some of the most dramatic scenery in Tanzania with unique active volcanic mountain the Oldonyo Lengai and Lake Natron the soda lake with thousands of birdlife among being the flamingoes. The area around Lake Natron is home to some wildlife, occasional seen the giraffe, antelopes and zebra.

Activities in Lake Natron area focus mainly on walking, trekking and bird watching. Taking a walk out across the baked mud to the shores of Natron soda lake to watch flamingoes that line the lake’s shore while at the back the Oldoinyo Lengai stand tall in amongst rolling hills and flat plains.

Walking to visit Engero Sero Waterfalls, the walk winds up through a shady gorge very welcome in the heat between steep cliffs to reach a beautiful natural swimming pool surrounded by steep rock walls showered by cascades of spring-water and overlooked by palm trees with opportunity to swim at the bottom of falls before winding up the day by visiting local ethnic of Area the Maasai for cultural experience.

Ngorongoro Crater is often called ‘Africa’s Eden’ is the ‘7th Natural Wonder of the World. As the largest intact volcanic caldera in the world with 19km long by 16km wide and 610m deep.

It forms stunning backdrops to some of the richest grazing grounds in Africa with highest density of wildlife species. The crater floor plays host to the big five and being one of the most famous safari destinations in Africa.

Ngorongoro crater is the absolutely the best place in Tanzania to see the big five. A unique place to see black rhino and some of the largest tusker elephants left in Africa today are the prize spots, but the Crater is home to strong populations of lion, leopard and hyena along with good herds of wildebeest, buffalo and zebra.

Other game in Ngorongoro includes serval cat, cheetah, jackal, Grant’s and Thompson’s gazelle, flamingo and bat eared foxes along with approximately 400 species of bird.

The walls of Ngorongoro Crater are covered with dense forest and the crater floor has quite a diverse range of habitats encompassing open grassland, an area of mature forest, and wetlands including mash, spring and lake.

Empakai Crater inside Conservation Area is 3280m above sea level with approximately 6km wide. Empakai offer an amazing view from the rim with lake in the crater floor which covers around the half of floor.

The depth of Empakai Soda Lake is about 85m which is unusually deep for soda lakes of East Africa while its steep walls of crater rise to some 300m above the floor being covered with green montane forest with beautiful color birds and flowers.

Empakai offer a good views and spectacular adventure downward special for nature walking, trekking and hiking tour. From the crater rim you can view dramatic cone of Ol doinyo Lengai Mountain the only active volcano in Tanzania and Lake Natron down the Great Rift Valley wall colored with flamingoes.

Empakai crater floor support different fauna and flora species including buffaloes, waterbucks, bushbucks, blue monkeys, colored sunbirds, turacos and lesser flamingoes along lake shores.

Lake Eyasi is wild, scenically stunning areas with Soda Lake were found a real insight of some of Tanzania’s most fascinating tribes; Hadzabe with Datoga ethnics. Lake Eyasi is around 1050 km2 (400 square miles) with 1040 m (3400 feet) above sea level, lying in one of the oldest parts of Eastern Rift Valley, it runs northeast – southwest for a distance of about fifty miles below the impressive three thousand foot escarpment, which forms the south-eastern boundary of Serengeti and Maswa game reserve.

Around lake found Hadzabe tribe the hunter and gatherers remains in Africa continent. Flamingos, pelicans and plenty of other waders frequent the shallow soda lake. Hadzabe Bushmen live around the shallow soda lake of eyasi Tanzania. Hadzabe (Bushmen) are the famous hunters which subsist entirely off the bush and by bow hunting.

Everything they use is made from local materials, including their bows which are strung with giraffe tendon and their arrows which are coated in lethal poison. Their language resembles that of Kalahari Desert Bushmen tribe (who possess click sound to their tongue.

The Serengeti Wildebeest Migration are natural wonders on Africa, when thousands of wildebeest from southern Serengeti plains Tanzania migrate to north in Masai Mara Kenya. Wildebeest migration accompanied with zebra and gazelles moving in clockwise patterns from southern plains of Serengeti Tanzania crossing Mara river to Masai Mara game reserve in Kenya seeking freshwater and green pasture each year.

From December to April Serengeti Wildebeest Migration spread over southern plains of Ndutu as birthing ground. At this time of the year southern plains are covered with lush grasses which support life of more than two million herbivores. After the accomplishment of calving and the resources of southern plains rich in mineral contents around April to May the wildebeest migration pattern start to move northwest further inside of Serengeti national park

The wildebeest migration herds reach western Corridor of Serengeti around July when Grumeti River becomes first obstacle to wildebeest crossing. Here many wildebeest become victim of Nile crocodiles which infested Grumeti River water. After succeeding to cross Grumeti river wildebeest migration continue north of Serengeti reaching another obstacle of Great Mara River. Here thousands of wildebeest lost their lives during crossing Mara River reaching Masai Mara Kenya.

Around October herds crowd grassy plains of Masai Mara. From October to November after short rains period starts wildebeest migration pattern migrate to Southern plains of Serengeti to give birth and graze before they migrate again.

Selous Game Reserve covering 55,000sq km of wilderness with grassy plains, open woodland, mountains and forests was named after the great explorer and hunter, Frederick Courtney Selous. The Selous is the Africa’s largest game reserve and the UNESCO world heritage site.

At the heart of Selous Game Reserve, the Rufiji river is the largest in Tanzania which form’s complex network of channels, lakes and swamps that create one of the most outstanding ecological systems in Selous. This river also splits the reserve into two different sections, the northern Selous covers only around 5% of the reserve’s total area. Hunting is not allowed in this area since is dedicated exclusively to photographic safaris while the southern is split up into a number of hunting blocks, each of which typically cover about 1,000sq km.

One of main attractions of Selous is the variety of game viewing activities available, the trips through the reserve by boat, vehicle and on foot. Boat safaris allow you to drift on the lakes and channels, approaching birds and animals closely, including crocodile and hippo, guided game walks which come with a real likelihood of encountering big game such as the elephant, buffalo and even lion on foot. Game drives are reliably rewarding, especially towards the end of the dry season, when large mammals concentrate around lakes.

Mikumi national park is the access point for the southern Tanzania tourism circuit. The park is about 288 km from Dar es Salaam and 107 km from Morogoro town with an area of 3,230 sq km (1,250 sq miles).

Mikumi with popular open horizons of Mkata flood support abundant wildlife which draw frequent comparisons to the famous Serengeti Plains. Lions survey their grassy kingdom and the zebra, wildebeest, impala and buffalo herds that migrate across it, from the flattened tops of termite mounds, or from perches high in trees. Giraffes forage in the isolated acacia stands that fringe Mkata River, islets of shade most preferred by the Mikumi elephants.

With good circuit of game viewing roads, the Mkata Floodplain is the most reliable place in Mikumi for sightings of eland, the world’s largest antelope while the greater kudu and sable antelope haunt the Miombo covered foothills of the mountains that rise from the park’s borders.

More than 400 bird species have been recorded, with such colorful common residents as the lilac-breasted roller, yellow throated long claw and Bateleur eagle joined by a host of European migrants during the rainy season. Hippos are the star attraction of the pair of pools situated 5km north of the main entrance gate, supported by an ever-changing cast of water birds.

Ruaha National Park with 20,380 sq km Area is a largest national park of Tanzania located in the southern circuit. The park derives its name from the great Ruaha River crossing the area which supports wildlife existence. During the dry season wild animals concentrate much on Ruaha River seeking water.

A most memorable sighting at Ruaha National Park is the abundance herds of Elephants exceeding all other national parks, the Miombo woodland vegetation, baobab trees and the spiral-horned male greater Kudu are the common features of the park. Greater Kudu males are solitary or found in bachelor herds except during mating.

In contrast, females may be seen throughout the year, usually in dense bush country in groups of 6 to 10 including their offspring. Ruaha is a transition zone where much of the flora and fauna that distinguishes east and southern Africa meets and overlaps. The park sustain large number of elephant in Tanzania with other wildlife species includes; Lion, cheetah, Leopard, Hyena, African Wild Dog, Giraffe, Sable Antelope, Greater Kudu with more than 400 bird species as Hornbill, Kingfisher, Sunbird, Stork Crested Barbet, Yellow-collared Lovebird.

Udzungwa mountain national park is the part of eastern arc mountains range. With 10,000sq km the Udzungwa offers hiking wilderness retreat with few defined trails, extremely beautiful scenery including endemic trees, shrubs and herbs in Africa.

The udzungwa mountains national park covered with tropical rainforests, grassland, steppe and mountain forest containing 30% – 40% of the country’s plant and mammal species, the second highest bird diversity in Africa behind the less accessible Ituri forest in the DRC.

Some of common and rare wildlife species found in udzungwa mountain national park includes Rufous-winged Sunbird, Udzungwa Partridge; Sanje crested Mangabey. Iringa red colobus, Rungwe cerbus kipunji, Matundu dwarf Galago, Mountain dwarf Galago, Hyrax, Squirrel.

Cultural Tourism Tanzania additions compliment your safari to explore an authentic African culture with tradition of local Africa natives. Cultural tourism safaris Tanzania are organized with gentleness and respect for the cultures, villagers and homes we visit. Our hope is for you to meet the diverse cultures first hand and to experience what makes Tanzania so special in Africa Continent.

Tanzania have so many areas to visit famous for cultural and historical heritage sites such as Bagamoyo historical town, Kilwa (kilwa masoko, kilwa kisiwani), Oldvai gorge, Laetoli, Kondoa Rock Painting site, Ismila Stone Age site Iringa, Kalenga Iringa, Zanzibar stone town, Kunduchi ruins, Songo Mnara Kilwa also Engaruka.

Cultural tourism Tanzania is very important aspect in tourism industry since it develop community economically while it encourages the conservation of nature and culture preservation. It gives a chance to experience the local culture of the destinations by visiting the local community to their natural environment. By involving local community in tourism industry will promote the awareness to the host community how to conserve and preserve the nature (environments) for the benefit of future generation.

Mount Kilimanjaro national park with volcanic snow-capped peak of Kilimanjaro is a superlative natural phenomenon and world heritage site standing in isolation above the surrounding plains overlooking the Africa savannah. Kilimanjaro is the largest free standing volcanic mountain in the world and the highest peak in Africa rising 5895m above sea level in Tanzania.

Kilimanjaro national park with its three volcanic peaks namely Kibo (5895m), Mawenzi (5150m) and Shira (3962m) was gazetted in 1973 and officially inaugurated in July 1977. It has an area of 1668sq km with three volcanic peaks namely Kibo (5895m), Mawenzi (5150m) and Shira (3962m). The parks major objective is to “protect Africa’s highest and one of the world’s largest freestanding mountain and to conserve its unique socio-economic, cultural and ecological values and values of features of the fragile mountain ecosystem.

Mount Kilimanjaro national park divided in three management zones, namely High Use Zone, Low Use Zone and Wilderness Zone. High Use Zone – includes Marangu, Mweka and Machame routes. The Marangu route is the easiest and most popular. It is a two way route that is visitors climbing through this route will descend through the same route. The visitors using this route spend 5-6 days for ascending and descending.

Machame route is a one way and is used for ascending only; descending takes place through the Mweka route. The combined route takes 6 -7 days for ascending and descending. The Machame route has stopover at Machame 2 and shira 2. Mweka route is used for descending only by visitors from Machame, Londorosi and Umbwe routes.

The Lower Zone includes Londorosi, Umbwe and Rongai routes as well as Kibo circuit. Whereas Londorosi is a two way Umbwe and Rongai are ascending routes only. The zones also include an area on the Shira plateau. This zone represents an expanded opportunity where non-summit bound hikers focus more on the spectacular scenery and the diversity f geologic feature and flora that comprise this unique area.

The Wilderness Zone on the other hand, is the largest of them all covering about 83% of the entire park. It incorporates the mountainous area and all areas in the park that are not included in the other two zones. In this zone, there are no designated trails, roads or campsites and climbers will be required to use camouflage camping techniques within the zone.

Few names evoke such romantic associations as this 85km long segment of coralline reef in the Indian Ocean, 40 km from mainland of Tanzania is Zanzibar the romantic islands in Africa. Steeped in history, the old town is a maze of narrow streets with whitewashed houses and magnificently carved brass-studded teak doors, quaint shops and bazaars.

Zanzibar Islands with pristine white sand beaches, once fiercely contested by Arabs and Europeans, have their own special allure. Approached from the sea, the House of Wonders dominates the main island’s skyline. Inland, particularly on Pemba, are the cloves for which the islands are famous. Narrow streets mark the ancient town of Zanzibar (Stone Town) with cars, motorbikes and bicycles whizzing around corners. Zanzibar, and much of the coastline, has pristine white sand beaches.

Zanzibar is famous destination for beach holidays with warm tropical climate, sparkling white sandy beaches in East Africa and the historical background. The islands produce spices namely cloves, aniseed, bay leaves, black pepper, cardamon, chilli, cinnamon, coriander, cumin, curry leaves, dill seeds, fennel, garlic, ginger, lemon grass and tumeric.